Did you know that there are two main species of bats in the world? All bats can be put into one of two classes: Microchiroptera or Megachiroptera. These are colloquially called “megabats” and “microbats.” Continue reading to learn the principal differences and distinctions between them, including their appearance, diet, habitat, and more!
Microchiroptera, or microbats, are small in size and have big ears. They’re echolocating mammals, meaning that they use a built-in, biological sonar system, which emits ultrasonic sounds that bounce of nearby objects and come back to the bat. Micros aren’t blind, but echolocation helps them dart and dive for prey more correctly at night.
In terms of diet, micros primarily eat insects; but some larger species eat small fish, rodents, birds, and amphibians. Three particular species consumes the blood of other animals, mainly livestock and birds. But do not worry; they don’t drink human blood!
In regards to habitat, microbats reside in moderate climates, and typically roost in hollowed trees, abandoned mines, caves, and even in residential and commercial buildings (particularly attics!) .
This is mainly due to their frugivorous and nectarivorous diets, which chiefly consists of Critter Control Cost fruit, nectar, and pollen. Some species are known to eat some insects, but their diet primarily consists of the nectar and pollen of blossoms and fruit. Because of this, this suborder of bats do not use nor maintain echolocating abilities. They do, however, have a keen sense of smell which helps them find food sources, as well as, adapted teeth that are powerful enough to bite through fruit rinds.
In terms of appearance, it’s easy to distinguish a mega from a micro. However, Microbats lack the claw at the second finger of the forelimb that megabats don’t have. Megabats reside in hot, tropical, and subtropical areas of the world. You’re not likely to see wild fruit bats living in the woods of the U.S. Midwest.